class 12 very first chap notes

 Essay about class doze 1st buck notes

UNIT

1

CHARACTER AND VALUE OF

SUPERVISION

Management can be an art of obtaining things completed through other folks. Management can be defined as, the process of receiving things finished with the aim of reaching goals successfully and efficiently.

Efficiency and Effectiveness

Productivity means doing the task appropriately at lowest cost although effectiveness means completing the task correctly. Though Efficiency and effectiveness are different but they are related. It is important to get management being both we. e. successful and useful.

Example: A business produces targeted 1000 models but at a higher value is effecitive but not efficient. Therefore the business must be effective and efficient it has to create 1000 devices within expense.

Characteristics of Management

1 )

Goal oriented Process: It is a goal focused process, which is undertaken to accomplish already specific and preferred objectives.

2 .

Pervasive: Administration is pervasive in character. It is employed in all types of organizations whether economical, social or political including every level.

3.

Multidimensional: It is multidimensional as it entails management of Work, People and operations.

some.

Continuous: This can be a continuous method i. at the. its functions are being performed by all managers simultaneously. The process of management continue till an organisation can be found for attaining its aims.

5.

Group Activity: This can be a group activity since it consists of managing and coordinating activities of different persons as a team to attain the desired goals.

6.

Energetic function: this can be a dynamic function since it has to adapt to the

XII –  BusinessВ StudiesВ

AK

changing environment.

7.

Intangible Push: It is an intagible force since it cannot be viewed but its impact are felt in the form of outcomes like whether or not the objectives happen to be met and whether people are motivated or not.

Goals of management

(A) Organizational objectives of Survival (Earning enough profits to cover cost); Profit (To Cover price and risk); & Development (To increase its future Prospects).

(B) Interpersonal Objectives of giving benefits to world like employing environmental friendly practices and giving job to disadvantaged sections of contemporary society etc .

(C) Personal Objectives because diverse personal aims of people doing work in the organization have to be reconciled with organizational aims. Importance of supervision

(1) Obtaining Group Goals: Management can be useful for achieving group goals. Manager give common direction towards the individual work in reaching the overall aim of the organisation.

(2) Raises Efficiency: Management increases productivity by using solutions in the most effective manner to minimize cost and increase productivity. (3) Makes Dynamic Enterprise: Management helps in creating Active organisation that could adopt changing situations very easily.

(4) Reaching Personal Goals: Management helps in achieving aims of individuals doing work in the enterprise.

(5) Development of Society: Supervision helps in the introduction of society by simply producing good quality products, creating employment opportunities and adopting new technology.

Management while an Art

Skill refers to skilled and personal using existing know-how to achieve wanted results. It is usually acquired through study, declaration and experience. The features of art will be as follows.

(2) Existence of theoretical expertise: In every skill systematic & organised cours should be readily available compulsorily to buy theoretical know-how.

XII –  BusinessВ StudiesВ

AK

(2) Personalised program: The use of simple knowledge differ from person to person and so, art is a very personalised strategy.

(3) Based on practice and creativity: Fine art involves the creative practice of existing theoretical understanding.

All the features of art can be found in management so that it can be called an art.

Management being a science

Research is a systematised body...

Share:

Related

 The Position of Tacit Knowledge to Invoation Article 23.08.2019

The Position of Tacit Knowledge to Invoation Article

Innovation, the original source of continual advantage for normally, depends upon the person and collertive expertise of employees. A number of this expertise is captured and codified in software program, hardware…...

Read →
 Inventory Management System Essay 23.08.2019

Inventory Management System Essay

CHAPTER 1 Introduction These day, computer is among the technologies that many people utilization in their everyday lives. The utilization of computer is one of the fastest growing and most…...

Read →
 involving students is assessment processes Essay 20.08.2019

involving students is assessment processes Essay

417 20.08.2019

involving learners is

Understand how to involve students in the analysis process 1 ) evaluate how you can involve the learner and the assessment process installment payments on your Analyse the…...

Read →
 Cloud Processing Essay 23.08.2019

Cloud Processing Essay

301 23.08.2019

Cloud Computing

ABSTRACT Impair computing is usually defined simply by Cearly and Phifer inside their case study titled " Case Studies in Cloud Computing” as " a style of computing by which…...

Read →
 Essay upon Bridges of Amsterdam 07.08.2019

Essay upon Bridges of Amsterdam

387 07.08.2019

Bridges of Amsterdam

Leonid Afremov is actually a modern impressionist. He uses bright colors and solid strokes but he does not use a clean he works on the pallet cutting knife. He designed…...

Read →
 Discuss the role of neural and hormonal systems in human aggression Essay 07.08.2019

Discuss the role of neural and hormonal systems in human aggression Essay

It has been displayed that impulsive behavior and aggression have already been associated with having low levels of serotonin. Evidence intended for the function of serotonin comes from the use…...

Read →
 Eudora Welty Essay 07.08.2019

Eudora Welty Essay

889 07.08.2019

Eudora Welty

Jourdon Duty Period 3 pue hrns lit 10-16-14 Eudora Welty essay Eudora Welty has a previous that would nevertheless be labeled…...

Read →
 Measuring Essay 07.08.2019

Measuring Essay

403 07.08.2019

Calculating

D1. Now that you have identified a range of government procedures that can impact Morgan Sindall, discuss the possible result of Morgan Sindall to these kinds of government…...

Read →
 Cause and Effect of Cigarette smoking Essay 07.08.2019

Cause and Effect of Cigarette smoking Essay

Cause and effects of smoking Smoking is one of the key issues that mankind today can be confronted with in the world. Smoking is recognized to have…...

Read →