The formation of Malaysia
Malaysia was formed in 1963 away of a volume of former Uk colonies: the Federation of Malaya (comprising 11 states), which experienced achieved freedom in 1957; Singapore, which in turn had been self-governing since 1959; and two territories in northwestern Borneo, Sarawak and Sabah (then known as North Borneo), which by 60 were well advanced on the road to independence. The newly elected government of Singapore is at favour of merging with Malaya, in addition to 1961 Tunku Abdul Rahman, prime ressortchef (umgangssprachlich) of Malaya, took the initiative and suggested that a plan should be devised whereby Singapore, North Borneo, Brunei (another United kingdom territory in Borneo that had obtained autonomy), and Sarawak would be brought nearer together with Malaya in political and economical cooperation. The proposal was on the whole very well received. Control benefits might accrue in the creation of a larger economic unit, and resources could be pooled. Presently there would end up being political advantages. For Malaya amalgamation with Singapore with its largely China population will be offset by largely indigenous populations from the states in Borneo. To get Singapore it had been a means of ending imperialiste status, and then for Sarawak, Brunei, and North Borneo it would advance the date of independence. There was clearly also a benefit that the existing central authorities at Kuala Lumpur had been federal in structure. Great britain was also favourable to the proposal. In 1962 a joint Malayan and British commission under Lord Cobbold concluded, after testing public opinion, that many people in Sarawak and North Borneo were in favour of federation; and a referendum in Singapore showed a substantial majority to get the merger.